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Independent for three millennia, Ethiopia has survived dynamic historic changes and is the birthstone of great endogenous civilizations. Today's Ethiopia was once in control over the entire East African territory. At that time it was a world-famous influential powerhouse with absolute control over the Red Sea, Indian Ocean trade routes and South Arabian countries. Ethiopia is a country of variety, extremes, uniqueness, freedom, colorful culture, religions, legends, natural beauty and much more. On the map of East Africa, Ethiopia is easily found in the area called the horn of Africa. Covering a total area of 1,112,000 sq. km., Ethiopia shares boundaries with Kenya, Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti and Eritrea.
Ethiopia ranks second in Africa for population size. With close to
70 million people, Ethiopia hosts about 80 different tribal groups,
all of which speak different languages and have their own cultural codes.
Ethiopia was the first country to build a Christian church on African soil. Christianity crossed the border in the 4th Century AD during the time of the Axumite kingdom. Even now this church shelters the original Ark of the Covenant brought from Israel by King Menelik I of Ethiopia. It is found in the town of Axum in northern Ethiopia. In addition it is here that the famous pre-Axumite obelisks stand. It is believed that the erection of these obelisks dates back to 300-200 BC. The tallest (33m) has fallen down; the second (27m) was stolen but the third (23m) still stands. These structures are the tallest on earth to be carved out of a single rock.
Ethiopia is considered to be the original home of humankind. The 1974 discovery of Lucy, locally called Dinkinesh (meaning “you are special”), asserts this as true.
The 12th-century town of Lalibela, located in north-west Ethiopia,
has been home to the extraordinarily carved rock-hewn churches since
the reign of King Lalibela (1181-1221 AD). These eleven rock-hewn churches
are sometimes referred to as the eighth wonder of the world.
Southwards, the Rift Valley system is another wondrous region where many other attractions are sited. The six or seven Rift Valley crater lakes are home to a large number of bird and marine life. They are also a paradise for nature and water lovers. National parks with their exotic birds, animals and plant life add to the beauty of the Rift Valley region. Beautiful landscapes and natural features are the most enjoyable components of the system. Salt lakes, active volcano sites and caravan routes still number among Ethiopia's great attractions in the Rift Valley.
Further south is the Omo Valley with its popular ethnic treasures.
This is where about 50% of Ethiopia's ethnic groups live: the Konso
with their terraced agriculture and rituals; the Mursi with their clay
lip plates and barbarian life style; the Hamer with their bull-jumping
ceremony, which young men must experience in order to qualify for adulthood;
and the Karo with their body painting and adornment. Here unusual traditions
such as dance, music and rituals from birth to marriage and burial are
still observed in their genuine and original forms.
|Africa & Beyond.|
the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country situated
in the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan
to the west, Kenya to the south, Somalia to the east and Djibouti to the
northeast. Its size is 1,100,000 km² with an estimated population
of over 78,000,000. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world and Africa's second-most populous nation.
(country), republic in northeastern Africa, strategically located at the
strait of Bab el Mandeb, which links the Red Sea with the Gulf of Aden.
The small country takes its name from its capital and only large city,
Djibouti. Located at the intersection of trade routes connecting the Indian
Ocean with the Mediterranean Sea, and Africa with the Middle East, Djibouti
has long been a cultural and commercial crossroads.
republic in East Africa, is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Kenya
has a varied landscape of plateaus and high mountains and is home to many
different ethnic groups. Formerly a British colony, Kenya gained independence
in 1963 and has been a republic since 1964. It is bounded on the north
by Sudan and Ethiopia, on the east by Somalia and the Indian Ocean, on
the south by Tanzania, and on the west by Lake Victoria and Uganda. Nairobi
is the country’s capital and largest city.read
||Yemen, Republic of, country in southwestern Asia, on the southwestern corner of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bounded on the west by the Red Sea and on the south by the Gulf of Aden (an arm of the Arabian Sea, which is part of the Indian Ocean), and is separated from Africa by the narrow strait of Bab el Mandeb. To the north and northeast lies Saudi Arabia and to the east is Oman; these two countries are Yemen’s only contiguous neighbors Yemen includes read more...|
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